Hydrodynamics and vibratory–cavitation technology, pumps and sprayers
During the period from 2000 to 2011 several vibratory pumps have been developed and patented in the USA (US Patents No.6,315,5333B1; 6,364,622B2; 6,428,289B1; 6,604,920B1; 7,354,255B1; 7,544,048B2; 7,731,105 and etc; US Patent applications: No 10/863,713, US Patent No. 8,353,689 B2) having different productivity and pressure for pumping, transporting and spraying of liquids. They are more economic in production and in operation and are safe to use. Electrical drive of the pumps uses up to 20% less energy compared to existing piston and diaphragm pumps.
Fig.1.This is a schematic drawing of the elementary design of a vibratory pump. The pump consists of a stand 1, an electromagnet 2, a pipe 3 and a tank with liquid 4. Due to magnetic field fluctuation the pipe 3 vibrates. At a certain frequency liquid from the tank 4 enters one end of the pipe 3, flows within it and then leaves the pipe through the other end. If the exit end of the pipe 3 is connected to a flexible hose it is possible to direct liquid to a technological container. Productivity of the pump depends on a geometrical size of a pipe, frequency of the pipe fluctuation, capacity of an electromagnet and viscosity of a liquid.
This new phenomenon of pumping liquids without a piston was first observed, used and patented by Grigori Lishanski, PhD.
Fig 2 (B) . High pressure and productivity Vibratory pump for liquid and solution, US Patents: 6, 315,533 B1; 6,428,289B1
Fig.3. Multi-purpose liquid sprayer adapter for an electric drill (US Patents: 6,428,289 B1; 7 731,102 B2)
Fig.4.The Sample of an industrial vibrating spray of a liquid (US Patent 7,544, 048 B2)
Fig.5 The sample of a manual vibratory sprayer of a liquid with an electric drive (US Patent 7,354,255B1, 7, 731, 102 B2)
Fig.6 The sample of a vibratory sprayer of a liquid of a high pressure with an electric drive (US Patent 7,354,255 B1)
Fig 7.The pre-production model of vibratory cavitation pumps (or sprayers)
(US Patent 7,354,255 B1)
Fig.8 Samples of micro, mini vibratory pumps for various productivity.
(U.S. Patent 6,428, 289 B1)
Practical Application of Fig. 2 A and B
A B C
Fig. 9 Model of Lishanski's Vibratory Cavitation Pump (US Patent 8,353,689 B2)
It is necessary to note that the vibratory cavitations idea and technology for the first time were discovered, researched and patented in the USSR more than 30 years ago by Grigori Lishanski, Ph.D in Physics. Therefore the first vibrating devices have received the name of the author: Lishanski's Vibratory Pump and Lishanski's Vibratory Mixer.
Further, being based on results of long-term researches in the USA, the newest designs of vibratory pumps have been created and the technical possibilities of vibratory cavitation technology considerably extended. The specified technology allows pumping and spraying liquids of broad range of kinematic viscosity: water and water solutions, aggressive liquids, oils, liquid soaps and shampoos.
The phenomenon of vibrocavitation is used as a driving force for liquid substances’ movement, mixing and even mechanical activation of chemical processes upon mixing (so called “mechanochemistry”), with creating new substances.
Technical and economical advantages of the Vibratory Cavitation Technology
1. Simple and reliable production of vibratory-cavitation pumps and other devices.
2. Easy to manufacture them from various materials including plastics.
3. There are no valves, springs and other fast wearing parts.
4. In working reservoirs a fluid pressure corresponds to the atmospheric pressure.
5. Reduction of up to 25-35% of energy consumption during pumping, transportation and spraying of liquids.
6. Safely pumping and taking probes of aggressive liquids (concentrated acids, alkali, and etc.).
7. Pumps can be produced with different productivities (flow rates from 3 ml/sec to 200ml/sec and more; pressures from 10 PSI up to 350 PSI).
8. Electric motors can have power from 3 watt to 1 kilowatt and more; also various electro vibrators of different productivity can be used with alternating current or with converters.
9. In households the pumps for spraying liquids can be used with batteries of AA 1.5 V or rechargeable batteries from 6 to18 V.
The potential use of the vibratory cavitation pumps
1. Chemical industry and laboratories.
2. Transportation of viscous oils, liquid soaps, lotions.
3. In scientific laboratories.
4. Micro- and mini pumps for cooling electronic chips.
5. Medicine: in metering devices, in devices for disinfection of premises, in devices for preparation of medical cocktails, in mechanisms for artificial blood circulation, in devices for flushing out of blood vessels and in other applications.
6. Perfume development and production: In devices for manufacturing emulsions on the basis of essential oils and water with water concentration of up to 60%, in devices for manufacturing of medical flints.
Follow the link to Arganic Life's website, which offers a variety of products developed using this technology:
7. Agriculture: In devices for spraying plants, in devices for sanitary machining of plants and a premise of poultry plants, the cattle and equipment maintenance.
8. In devices for sanitary, chemical and radiation cleaning and protection of people,
buildings, cars and other civil and military objects.
9. In devices (engines) for more efficient combustion of fuels.
10. In devices for development and production of alternative aspects fuels.
11. Vibratory cavitation technology can be efficiently used for creation and production of new custom-made materials, with a new combination of properties, for handling and storage of nuclear wastes.
12. Vibratory cavitation technology opens new directions in area of bio-cavitation in creation of a new class of bioactive and useful materials.
Headed by Grigori Lishanski
Mechanochemical technologies as a way to creation of not known before materials and other areas of application
The most important feature of our vibratory-cavitation technology, or Vibrocavitonic Technology, is the possibility of regulation and managing conditions of the cavitation based on combination and active interaction of processes of vibration, hydraulic impact and vortex streams. The energy of mechanical impact of cavitation on various compounds in liquids (either solutions or suspensions) happens to be enough for breaking chemical bonds in molecules. Even at comparatively soft conditions the induced stresses of the order of (4.8-5.5)*E+42 are significantly higher than strengths of primary chemical bonds in molecules (Average bond energies in covalent compounds are in the range of 200-900 KJ/mol. A conversion factor is I KJ=1.0*E+10 erg).
Mechanically initiated are many chemical processes: destruction (formation of free radicals), formation of graft copolymers, polycyclic and branched structures, complexes with metallic compounds and combination of various networks. Resulting structures and their properties depend on initial chemical components and their ratios and also on parameters of vibrocavitation and vortex processes.
Manageable process of cavitations can be realized at certain values of amplitudes and frequency of vibration and geometry of a “reactor” compartment, which may have rectangular or cylindrical shapes. In the case of a rectangular reactor the interaction happens between a liquid and the reactor parts. The cylindrical reactor vibration interacts with vortex streams of a liquid, and the spinning, oscillations, or other interactions of particles with a liquid occur inside the streams. Thus, the vibration and vortex interaction reduces friction of outer layers of vortexes with the reactor walls and reduces liquid’s surface viscosity with an accelerating of the stream flow.
Materials synthesized with action the vibratory cavitation equipment developed by STG, LLC can be very different and their areas of application correspondingly could be very wide. Our company has focused mostly on energy applications that we consider are technically and economically feasible:
1. Efficient inexpensive environmentally friendly liquid fuel, heating materials and production of electrical energy without use of oil but based on fossil and non-fossil resources of mostly USA, Canada and other countries outside of Middle East.
2. Handling of nuclear wastes for vetrification.
3. Development of construction materials having high modulus strength, light weight, high thermo- and oxidative resistance, or being nonflammable or flame retardant.
The activated mixtures of certain compositions may be used as environmentally friendly, very efficient and inexpensive oil-free fuel. Our work in the area of physicochemical studying of potential fuels is focused on compositions structure, on effect of various physical factors and the optimization of chemical composition, equipment and technological process.